Richmond Region Micro-Transit

Background Information 

The creation of the Central Virginia Transportation Authority (CVTA) by the 2020 General Assembly established new funds for priority transportation investments in the Richmond Region. The two main sources of revenue are regional sales and use tax (0.7%) and wholesale gas and diesel tax (7.6 cents and 7.7 cents). The CVTA funds are allocated three ways – 15% to GRTC, 50% to each participating locality proportionally, and 35% for regional projects. GRTC is required to develop a Regional Public Transportation Plan that identifies how GRTC plans to spend the 15% allocation. A micro-transit study was identified as a regional priority during the development of the FY2022 plan. The micro-transit study will identify recommendations for a pilot program FY2024.

What is Micro-Transit?

Micro-Transit is defined as a technology-enabled, on-demand public transportation service, using specialized vehicles, such as vans or shuttle buses. 
riders waiting at a transit stop with greenery

Micro-Transit Pilot Program Overview 

The Greater Richmond Transit Company (GRTC), partnered with consultant Michael Baker International, exploring the demand, need, potential, and feasibility for micro-transit services in the Greater Richmond Region. The Greater Richmond Region includes the jurisdictions of Ashland, Charles City, Chesterfield, Goochland, Hanover Henrico, New Kent, Powhatan, and the City of Richmond. 

Phase 1 Study (Fall 2021 - Summer 2022)

Goals and objectives:

  1. Analyzed the landscape of existing micro-transit demand and service provision in the region.
  2. Projected and analyzed future micro-transit demand in the region.
  3. Explored possible micro-transit approaches and strategies to address current and future mobility demands.
  4. Engaged all jurisdictions in the Richmond region through thoughtful conversations about the current and future mobility needs of residents, visitors, employers, and employees with a focus on equity.
  5. Improved capacity, understanding, and coordination between current and future micro-transit providers, stakeholders, and relevant decision-makers.

During Phase 1, five zones were identified as ready for implementation for Fall 2023.  The zones were categorized into short-term readiness years.  The years are defined from 0-1 year; 1-3 years; 3-5 years; and 5+ years.  The following zones were indenitfied for 0-1 year; 1-3 years; 3-5 years; and 5+ years:

To meet the goals and objectives of the Richmond Region Micro-Transit Pilot, GRTC and Michael Baker conducted public outreach, including surveys, public meetings, presentations, and stakeholder meetings/focus groups. The PDF versions of these PowerPoint presentations are available for download.  Please click the links below to view the documents and memos. 

Phase 2 Study (Winter 2022)
The goals and objectives of Phase 2 are to refine the five pilot zones and develop an implementation plan for FY2024. 

Next Steps: Pilot Launch (Fall 2023)

Explore the pilot zones with this interactive map:

CLICK HERE to view this map full screen.